Teaching open mindedness and willingness to see others' points of view is not something that can be tackled head on. It is rarely effective to exhort students to see other points of view because 'it's the right thing to do.' (In fact, this approach is likely to be equally ineffective for adults too.) Stories are more effective in this situation. Stories allow the reader to be an observer to a dilemma or situation-- to see it from a 'disinterested' point of view and therefore be more able to see how the characters could benefit from being more open minded, from listening to each other rather than insisting on their own point of view.
Hopefully the books listed below will assist you in teaching open mindedness in your own classroom. It is certainly an attribute that, once instilled, will help bring about more peace in the world!
Interest Level: Kinder-Gr. 2
by Amy Krause Rosenthal
Two voices debate the identity of the creature shown. One thinks it's a duck, the other a rabbit. When the debaters start to see each other's perspective, a new ambiguous 'combination creature' appears.
The "right" answer is never given, and your class/children will likely have differing opinions, making this is a great discussion starter for talking about how two people can think differently about something, and both be right.
Men and the Elephant
by Karen Backstein
Six blind men travel to the palace of the prince to meet his new elephant. Each man touches a different part of the elephant and then describes what the elephant is like, a wall, a snake, etc. This fable from India shows that a person cannot always rely on their limited understanding of something.
Interest Level: K-Gr.2
Black and White
by David Macaulay
Four seemingly unrelated stories are told and continued on each two-page spread, but a fifth story is created through the interaction of the four stories, and that fifth story becomes a surrealistic tale with several levels of reality. In fact, it begins to be seen as a puzzle or game (ie: are characters in one story riding on the train in another?) Answers are never given. The reader must take all points of view into account to get the whole story here.
click here to see this book on Amazon
Interest Level: Grade 4-6
I Walk in Dread
The Diary of Deliverance Trembley, Witness to the Salem Witch Trials
Set during the Salem Witch Trials, I Walk in Dread is the journal of Deliverance Trembley, who at first believes the local girls who are accusing others of being witches, but then begins to have doubts when a trusted neighbor is accused. She eventually changes her mind about those who have been accused, which shows how a person's view about something can (and sometimes should!) change over time and with new information.
See this book on Amazon.com
The Feud Between the Hatfields and the McCoys
by Ann Rinaldi
Based on a true story,
The Coffin Quilt tells
about the decade long feud between two families in the West
Virginia/ Kentucky back country. Narrator Fanny McCoy, 16, lives in the
shadow of the feud and as tensions rise and violence escalates, she
realizes that she is powerless to stop the fighting and must learn
to rise above it to find her own way out of the hatred.
click to see this book on Amazon.com
We'd love to list more books on this topic---books that help teach children to be open minded and willing to see things from other points of view. Do you know of a great children's book for teaching open mindedness? If so, let us know by completing the Suggest a Book form (top right column).